The Supreme Council of the UAE comprising of
hereditary rulers of the seven emirates is the highest federal authority
responsible for general policy matters involving communications, education,
defense, foreign affairs, development and for ratifying federal laws.
The Federal Council of Ministers responsible to
the Supreme Council has executive authority to initiate and implement laws. The
Federal National Council is a consultative assembly of 40 representatives
appointed for two years by each individual emirate. The council monitors and
debates government policy but has no power to veto.
The President, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al
Nahyan (who is also the Ruler of Abu Dhabi) succeeded his father Sheikh Zayed
bin Sultan Al Nahyan in November 2004. On February 1, 2008, Ruler of Dubai, UAE
Vice President and Prime Minister His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al
Maktoum issued a decree appointing Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al
Maktoum as Crown Prince of Dubai. Sheikh Mohammed issued another decree naming
Sheikh Maktoum bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum and Sheikh Hamdan bin Rashid
Al Maktoum the Deputy Rulers of Dubai.
Source : GoDubai